Sometimes many people have lapses of memory, but this does not necessarily mean that there is some type of dementia. In other words, we must know how to differentiate when it is necessary to be evaluated by a mental health professional.
In general, one of the most common symptoms of any type of dementia is memory loss. However, we can also have memory problems sporadically without there apparently being a direct relationship with dementia.
In addition, genetically, some people have a greater predisposition to forget things more quickly or have difficulties remembering certain types of things. Similarly, some people also stand out for an effective memory.
Causes of memory loss
The FDA (United States Food and Drug Administration) reminds you that memory loss not associated with dementia or cognitive impairment may occur.
In this sense, it details some of the causes that can affect the memory, regardless of dementia:
- Medications that can interfere with memory, such as anxiolytics or antidepressants.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol and drugs.
- Constant stress. Especially the one that arises after an emotional trauma, since it can cause memory loss.
- Common depression in aging, in many occasions can cause lack of attention and concentration.
- Hit to the head. Some severe blows to the head can cause loss of consciousness and lead to memory loss. In some cases, if prolonged head trauma occurs, as in the case of boxers or UFC fighters, memory loss may be greater.
- People with HIV, herpes, tuberculosis or other infections that may affect brain health.
Thus, in the case of observing that with the passage of time you forget more and more information, it is advisable to go to a medical specialist, since in this situation it could be due to memory loss due to dementia.
Can memory loss be prevented?
Science and different research studies have been able to verify the existence of habits or activities that make it possible to stop memory loss related to aging.
Some of the elements that can benefit the reduction of the risk of developing memory difficulties are the following:
- Reduce cholesterol levels and blood pressure.
- Perform physical exercise regularly. Physical activity has been shown to improve blood flow to the brain.
- No Smoking.
- Avoid alcohol.
- Reduce stress.
- Maintain social interactions.
- Eat a healthy diet and consume less saturated fat, which has been shown to help delay cognitive decline and memory loss.
- Keep the brain active through activities such as reading, learning or playing games.
Finally, the FDA experts clarify that “with dementia there is a growing deterioration of memory and other aspects of thought that are serious enough to affect daily activities. While it has many causes, by far the most common is Alzheimer's disease, in which there is a progressive loss of brain cells accompanied by other brain abnormalities.”