cholesterol is a substance that is generated in the body itself , although it is also present in different foods, mainly those of animal origin. It is really a substance important for health, but it is important to keep track of its levels.
Among other things, cholesterol is a fundamental substance for the metabolism of vitamin D, a nutrient with a capital importance in the functioning of the organism . Likewise, cholesterol is also key in the production of different hormones.
However, it is necessary to know how to differentiate between LDL cholesterol (bad) and HDL cholesterol (good). To enjoy good health and reduce the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, it is advisable to establish a control of total cholesterol in the blood.
Thus, as indicated by the ' American Heart Association ', people with diabetes are more likely to have high levels cholesterol. Having hypercholesterolemia (high blood cholesterol) greatly increases the risk of cardiovascular disease.
How does diabetes affect cholesterol
Diabetes is a disease in which the body tends to reduce the levels of good cholesterol and increase the levels of triglycerides and bad cholesterol. This fact puts health at risk and increases cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk.
This type of health condition is called diabetic dyslipidemia. That is, the results of the patient's lipid (fat) profile are not adequate. It is a combination of health problems that increases the risk of developing coronary heart disease and atherosclerosis.
In this sense, from the ' American Heart Association ' explain that different studies offer a relationship between insulin resistance, which is a precursor to type 2 diabetes, diabetic dyslipidemia, vascular diseases and atherosclerosis.
Therefore, people with diabetes should not only pay attention to their diet to control glucose levels, but also to keep cholesterol at bay.
As we have said before, LDL cholesterol is considered ‘bad’, as high levels of LDL in the body increase the risk of cardiovascular disease. When this substance accumulates for a time in the veins or arteries, it tends to obstruct or block the normal flow of blood, causing an increased risk of myocardial infarction, stroke or heart failure.
To treat high LDL levels it is necessary to follow a diet low in saturated and trans fats, and supported by healthy foods. Carrying out physical exercise adapted to the condition of each patient is also highly effective; as well as the consumption of certain medications.
It is the responsibility of a medical specialist to establish the treatment that he considers most appropriate for each person to reduce the levels of LDL cholesterol to restore values considered normal.
For its part, high levels of HDL (good) cholesterol reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease. Thus, genetic factors, type 2 diabetes, high triglycerides and some medications can cause a decrease in HDL in the blood; In addition to tobacco, overweight or sedentary lifestyle.