Having optimal glucose levels is essential for the proper functioning of the body. Although, abnormally high levels may indicate the presence of prediabetes or diabetes, with all that this entails.
In this sense, people with diabetes should increase the control of the levels of glucose in the blood, since in excess it can be highly detrimental to health. Therefore, it is necessary to have adequate blood glucose (blood glucose) values.
For example, a normal blood glucose level is one less than 140 mg/ dl; while between 140 and 199 mg/dl is already considered prediabetes. On the other hand, levels above 740 mg/dl usually indicate the presence of type 2 diabetes, such and as indicated by 'Mayo Clinic'.
How to lower glucose levels
As a general rule, people with diabetes should monitor blood glucose levels in the body, in order to live in a healthy way with the disease and avoid major problems. In this aspect, it is also necessary to go regularly for check-ups with your medical specialist.
Thus, excessively high glucose levels appear when the body does not correctly transport glucose to the cells. This occurs mainly due to a lack of insulin production by the body itself or an ineffective use of it.
With all this, it is advisable to follow a series of characteristic lifestyle habits to control blood glucose levels and lower glucose to normal levels, especially in people with diabetes.
One of the main changes to be made is related to food. It is true that there are no 'forbidden' foods for people with diabetes, although it is necessary to limit the consumption of certain products.
In this sense, to lower blood glucose levels it is advisable to reduce carbohydrate consumption, since these cause a significant rise in blood glucose. Likewise, it is also advisable to avoid eating foods with a high glycemic index.
Regarding nutrition, foods with fiber are recommended, but it is also essential to keep the body hydrated. Drinking two liters of water a day helps reduce glucose levels in the body.
We achieve hydration mainly thanks to drinking water, although it is also possible by eating different foods, such as fruits and vegetables, which contain a large amount of water in their natural composition.
A key aspect of drinking water, in addition to avoiding dehydration, is that it helps the kidneys better perform the function of draining excess glucose from the blood through urine.
Other tips to reduce blood glucose
Another key element to reduce blood glucose to normal levels is regular physical exercise. Physical activity is essential for the body to properly use the glucose present in the blood and increase sensitivity to insulin.
In any case, people with diabetes must follow the appropriate instructions explained by their doctor for physical exercise. And it is that a high-intensity physical activity can lead to episodes of hypoglycemia (too low glucose levels in the blood). Therefore, it is necessary to establish a control in this regard.
Finally, it is also important to rest correctly. This is something that brings benefits to health in general. However, lack of sleep can affect glucose levels, increasing cortisol levels.