Having levels of high cholesterol in the blood implies a considerable increase in the risk of developing a cardiovascular disease . Although, cholesterol is a substance of vital importance for health , given the functions it fulfills in the body .
In any case, when a person has high levels of cholesterol in the blood, it is necessary to establish a treatment as soon as possible to reduce these levels and avoid problems highest consideration.
Thus, the only way to know exactly the cholesterol levels is through a blood test, where all the necessary values are observed to determine the situation and the steps to follow to put an immediate solution.
Treatment to lower cholesterol
In a blood test, the levels of total cholesterol, LDL (bad cholesterol) and HDL (good cholesterol) are observed. The main problem appears when LDL levels are too high, since the accumulation of plaque in the arteries can cause the obstruction or blockage of blood flow.
When this happens, the risk of cardiovascular disease skyrockets. That is why it is necessary to carry out adequate prevention and put a solution immediately in case cholesterol levels are too high.
The main treatment to reduce the amount of this substance in the blood consists of modifying certain lifestyle habits. First, it is necessary to establish a specific diet low in fat and where healthy foods predominate, such as fruits and vegetables.
In addition, another vital aspect in this regard is to increase the regularity of physical exercise during the week. The physical activity plan must be adjusted to the condition of each patient, since overexertion can be harmful.
In severe cases, your doctor may also indicate the intake of certain specific medications to lower cholesterol levels, such as Atorvastatin.
Symptoms of hypercholesterolemia
Hypercholesterolemia is the name it receives when we have high cholesterol levels. This situation constitutes a significant health risk, so it is necessary to establish a prevention and treatment plan.
However, one of the main problems with high cholesterol is that it does not manifest itself through symptoms. That is, it may only be discovered if the person experiences symptoms of cardiovascular disease.
Although, on some occasions, due to high cholesterol, it is possible that yellow patches called xanthomas appear around the eyes or in any other place on the skin. But it happens very rarely.
Therefore, medical specialists emphasize the importance of carrying out periodic reviews and blood tests in order to be able to detect hypercholesterolemia in time, to establish an adequate treatment. Such revisions become even more necessary from 50 years of age.
In addition, people with a history of familial hypercholesterolemia and cardiovascular disease should have a blood test every year to control cholesterol levels in the body.