Much has been said in recent days about multiple sclerosis, once a study revealed that the cause of this disease is the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), also known as mononucleosis or kissing disease.
The multiple sclerosis is a chronic demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. So far the underlying cause of this disease is not known. Epstein-Barr virus or kissing sickness is now believed to be a possible culprit.
The multiple sclerosis is a chronic autoimmune, demyelinating and neurodegenerative disease of the Central Nervous System. In Spain, more than 55.000 people have multiple sclerosis, diagnosing a new case every 5 minutes.
In general, this disease is diagnosed between 12 and the 40 years, in full personal and work development, but there are also some cases in children under years old.
Uncertain causes of this disease
The multiple sclerosis is known as the disease of a thousand faces, because it manifests itself in many shapes. Currently it is unknown what is the cause and the cure of this disease.
Despite this, numerous advances have been made in research in recent times, such as the recent finding related to mononucleosis or sickness kiss.
Scientists and experts in the field have highlighted that the causes of this disease are uncertain. Of course, the latest reports and research point to genetic factors, not hereditary, since only the 15% of multiple sclerosis patients have one or more affected relatives.
These are the signs of having multiple sclerosis
They have also explained that the initial symptoms of multiple sclerosis are overlooked because they disappear and reappear over time. Currently there is a delay in the diagnosis and treatment of this disease of between one and two years.
Symptoms of Multiple Sclerosis
Experts in the field point out that the most common symptoms of multiple sclerosis are fatigue, vision problems, tingling, vertigo and dizziness, muscle weakness, spasms and balance and coordination problems.
We emphasize vision problems, since multiple sclerosis can cause the appearance of eye problems, damaging the optic nerve. And it can affect causing blurred vision, prolonged double vision or partial or complete loss of vision, for usually one eye at a time, often with pain when moving the eye.
Of course, many of the symptoms of multiple sclerosis are 'invisible', such as:
Problems with sexual function, bowels and bladder.
In this case, the experts point out that these symptoms have a significant impact on the quality of life of those affected.
For this reason, people with multiple sclerosis have been demanding for years the automatic recognition of the 33% of disability with the diagnosis of the disease and the approval of a scale of disability that measures situations that are not being recognized.