The cholesterol is an important substance for the organism . However, all people should monitor the levels of this substance, since an excess in the blood constitutes an important risk factor cardiovascular .
That is why people with diabetes must pay special attention to their cholesterol levels, beyond carrying out a routine control of blood glucose levels. And is that diabetes is mainly characterized by a greater increase in blood glucose.
Total cholesterol levels must be set within specific ranges to be considered healthy. Although, there are two main types of cholesterol, LDL (bad) and HDL (good).
Excess LDL cholesterol tends to accumulate on the walls of blood vessels and arteries, causing an obstruction or blockage of the normal flow of blood. Thus, this fact constitutes an important risk factor for cardiovascular health.
Why should people with diabetes control their cholesterol?
From the Spanish Heart Foundation (FEC) they assure that people with diabetes must follow strict control of blood cholesterol levels.
According to the FEC, people with diabetes should show lower cholesterol levels than other people, since this substance in excess can also increase the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases.
Therefore, it is recommended that LDL cholesterol is lower than 100 mg / dl. Although, in healthy people without diabetes and without other risk factors, LDL values can range from 100 mg / dl and 130 mg / dl.
Key foods in case of diabetes and hypercholesterolemia
It may be the case that a patient with diabetes has excessively high cholesterol levels, which in itself poses a risk to health . In these situations it is necessary to establish adequate medical treatment as soon as possible.
In most treatments, your doctor will establish a nutritional plan that allows you to reduce cholesterol levels until reaching the values considered normal according to the patient's condition.
Thus, people with diabetes and high cholesterol should follow a healthy diet based on the following products:
- Skimmed dairy products.
- Low-fat cheeses.
- Fish of all kinds. It is advisable to cook in a healthy way and consume at least three times a week to reduce cholesterol.
- Vegetables. This group includes chickpeas, lentils, lima beans, peas and beans.
- High presence of fruits and vegetables. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends eating five meals a day.
- Healthy fats, such as extra virgin olive oil.
- Cereals. In this group we add couscous, rice, semolina, cereals without sugar … etc.
- As for drinks, it is advisable to drink water and sugar-free soft drinks. Thus, it is also advisable to drink alcoholic beverages.
In addition, physical exercise constitutes a fundamental life habit both to control blood glucose levels and to maintain a balance of blood cholesterol levels .
Depending on the patient's situation, your doctor may also prescribe some type of specific medication that helps lower cholesterol levels.