cholesterol is a substance important for the proper functioning of the body a all levels. However, when there is an excess of this substance in the body , there is a considerable increase in the risk of cardiovascular disease .
Among other things, cholesterol is essential for the formation of hormones, correct absorption of calcium and bile acids or the metabolism of vitamin D, a key vitamin for different aspects of the body.
It must be clear that the amount of total cholesterol in the blood must register values considered healthy. To do this, LDL cholesterol levels must be low and HDL high.
LDL cholesterol, also known as 'bad' is a low-density lipoprotein. The accumulation of these substances in the walls of the arteries can cause different cardiovascular problems.
On the other hand we have HDL cholesterol, also called 'good', which is made of high-density lipoprotein. This type helps prevent the accumulation of cholesterol in the arteries and its correct elimination by the body.
Cholesterol levels in people older than 30 years
It is advisable to control cholesterol levels throughout life, although it is especially necessary to pay attention to the values of this substance in the blood as we age. That is, from 30 years and mainly from 50 years.
As indicated by the United States National Library of Medicine, people older than 30 years should check their cholesterol once every five years. This test consists of a blood test that shows the exact values.
Thus, healthy total cholesterol levels in people older than 30 years should be between 200 mg / dl and 200 mg / dl. On the other hand, the LDL must be less than 100 mg / dl; while HDL must be higher than 40 mg / dl.
Treatment to lower levels
Too high levels of LDL cholesterol in the blood are highly dangerous for health. This fact causes plaque to form inside the blood vessels and arteries, causing them to harden and narrow.
Thus, excess cholesterol causes an obstruction or complete blockage of the blood flow, which can cause different cardiovascular conditions, such as myocardial infarction or stroke.
Therefore, when the levels of this substance are too high, it is important to establish medical treatment as soon as possible to return to normal values, which do not pose a risk to cardiovascular health.
The main treatment to reduce cholesterol levels consists of a specific diet in which the presence of fatty foods and cholesterol is minimal or non-existent. In addition, along with this diet, it is common for your doctor to indicate a specific physical exercise plan.
Following a diet low in fat and foods rich in cholesterol, with a predominance of healthy foods such as fruits and vegetables, favors its control . In addition to this specific nutritional structure, it is also essential to increase the regularity and intensity of physical exercise depending on the physical condition of the patient.
The intensity and frequency of the physical activity to be carried out is determined by the physical condition of the patient. Thus, if this treatment does not work or if cholesterol levels are too excessive, it is also normal for your doctor to indicate the administration of specific medications, such as Atorvastatin.